"Jim, when will Rake reach version 1.0?"
Over the past several years I’ve been asked that question at conferences, panels and over twitter. Due to historical reasons (or maybe just plain laziness) Rake has (incorrectly) been treating the second digit of the version as the major release number. So in my head Rake was already at version 9.
Well, it’s time to fix things. This next version of Rake drops old, crufty, backwards compatibility hacks such as top level constants, DSL methods defined in Object and numerous other features that are just no longer desired. It’s also time to drop the leading zero from the version number as well and call this new version of rake what it really is: Version 10.
So, welcome to Rake 10.0!
Rake 10 is actually feature identical to the latest version of Rake 9 (that would be the version spelled 0.9.3), except that Rake 10 drops all the sundry deprecated features that have accumulated over the years.
If your Rakefile is up to date and current with all the new features of Rake 10, you are ready to go. If your Rakefile still uses a few deprecated feeatures, feel free to use Rake 9 (0.9.3) with the same feature set. Just be aware that future features will be in Rake 10 family line.
As mentioned above, there are no new features in Rake 10. However, there are a number of features missing:
Classic namespaces are now gone. Rake is no
longer able to reflect the options settings in the global variables
($rakefile, $show_tasks, $show_prereqs, $trace, $dryrun and $silent). The
--classic-namespace option is no longer supported.
Global constants are no longer supported. This includes
RakeApp). The constant missing hook to warn about using global
rake constants has been removed.
The Rake DSL methods (task, file, directory,
etc) are in their own module (Rake::DSL).
The stub versions of these methods (that printed warnings) in Object have been removed. However, the DSL
methods are added to the top-level
main object. Since
main is not in the inheritance tree, the presence of the DSL
methods in main should be low impact on other libraries.
If you want to use the Rake DSL commands from
your own code, just include
Rake::DSL into your own classes
The deprecated syntax for task arguments (the one using
:needs) has been removed.
--reduce-compat flag has been removed (it’s not needed
rake/sys.rb library has been removed.
rake/rdoctask.rb library has been removed. RDoc
supplies its own rake task now.
rake/gempackagetask.rb library has been
removed. Gem supplies its own package task now.
There is one small behavioral change:
Non-file tasks now always report the current time as their time stamp. This is different from the previous behavior where non-file tasks reported current time only if there were no prerequisites, and the max prerequisite timestamp otherwise. This lead to inconsistent and surprising behavior when adding prerequisites to tasks that in turn were prequisites to file tasks. The new behavior is more consistent and predictable.
Multitask tasks now use a thread pool. Use -j to limit the number of available threads.
Use -m to turn regular tasks into multitasks (use at your own risk).
You can now do “Rake.add_rakelib ‘dir’” in your Rakefile to programatically add rake task libraries.
You can specific backtrace suppression patterns (see –supress-backtrace)
Directory tasks can now take prerequisites and actions
Use –backtrace to request a full backtrace without the task trace.
You can say “–backtrace=stdout” and “–trace=stdout” to route trace output to standard output rather than standard error.
Optional ‘phony’ target (enable with ‘require ’rake/phony’“) for special purpose builds.
Task#clear now clears task comments as well as actions and prerequisites. Task#clear_comment will specifically target comments.
The –all option will force -T and -D to consider all the tasks, with and without descriptions.
Semi-colons in windows rakefile paths now work.
Improved Control-C support when invoking multiple test suites.
egrep method now reads files in text mode (better support for Windows)
Better deprecation line number reporting.
The -W option now works with all tasks, whether they have a description or not.
File globs in rake should not be sorted alphabetically, independent of file system and platform.
Numerous internal improvements.
Documentation typos and fixes.
Exit status with failing tests is not correctly set to non-zero.
Simplified syntax for phony task (for older versions of RDoc).
Stand alone FileList usage gets glob function (without loading in extra dependencies)
–trace and –backtrace no longer swallow following task names.
Rake is a build tool similar to the make program in many ways. But instead of cryptic make recipes, Rake uses standard Ruby code to declare tasks and dependencies. You have the full power of a modern scripting language built right into your build tool.
The easiest way to get and install rake is via RubyGems …
gem install rake (you may need root/admin privileges)
Otherwise, you can get it from the more traditional places:
As usual, it was input from users that drove a lot of these changes. The following people contributed patches, made suggestions or made otherwise helpful comments. Thanks to …
Tay Ray Chuan
Also, many thanks to Eric Hodel for assisting with getting this release out the door.
– Jim Weirich